" I sincerely hope that they ( relations between Pakistan & India )will be friendly and cordial. We have a great deal to do ...& think that we can be of use to each other & to the world. " - Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
But the relations between India and Pakistan since Independence have been timely wrecked by a series of historical and political contentious subjects of matter . So far, the contentment between these two countries happenstance opportunely. After dissolution of the British government in 1947 , the Union of India & Dominion of Pakistan were formed , one with Hindu majority and other with Muslim majority but at that time Kashmir with maximum Muslim majority was ruled by a Hindu king Maharaja Hari Singh,
who didn't want to join neither two countries and wanted to maintain a status quo( state of affairs that exist at a particular time especially in contrast to a different possible state of affairs) leading
to standstill agreement which was further rejected by India and accepted by Pakistan. But this agreement does not affected the Pakistan forces hankering to take Kashmir under their own territory
and they invaded Kashmir in 1947 under the codename ' Operation Gulmarg'. Then Maharaja of Kashmir turned towards Indian side
to send its troops to save his neck and on the advice
of then governor general of Burma, Lord Mountbatten, Maharaja signed the 'instrument of accession' on 26 oct 1947 in which he granted Kashmir to India ere Nehru ready to send Indian troops.
Aftermath , India defeated Pak paramilitary forces and tribals , and invaded Kashmir .Since then , Kashmir issue imprinted as the focal point for two of three Indo-Pak war one fought between 1947-1948
and second in 1965. At present , all parts of Kashmir is not under Indian territory ,moving to 1949 ceasefire agreement north-western Kashmir was fully integrated into Pakistan,becoming Azad Kashmir (or POK). While in 1962, China took Aksai chin and other parts, defeating India .While, in 1984 India captured around 80% of Siachen glacier augmenting 'Operation Meghdoot'. Pakistan government is 'still' on its tenacity UN resolutions calling off Kashmir people should be allowed to vote in a refrendum on their future. But India does not want international debate, reckoning Kashmir an indispensable part of India .
This dispute ensued India to aid East Pakistan having majority Bengalis in 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. But the 1998-1999 Kargil war was a big mistake by Musharraf as India regained some of the ports that Pakistan has occupied.After that many insurgent attack on Jammu & Kashmir state assembly and in Dec 2001 on Indian Parliament and number of terrorists attacks , reported.
However, plentiful mutual confidence building measures framed to gratify growing tensions .Resuming again , in 2011 Delhi and Islamabad, restarted high-level talks, suspended after 2008 Mumbai attacks.Whereas in economic compass ,building civil society & business exchange methods ,easing visa restrictions were imposed. Fortunately, Pakistan government decided to extend most favored nation (MFN) status to India.
Again unfortunately, process of reinforcing Indo-Pak relations hampered .
In summer 2011, terrorists infiltrated in Mumbai, Indian government bailed without screeching & went off to track down perpetrators quitely , in order to reconcile peace talks with Pakistan. Correspondingly, an Indian army chopper drifted into Pakistan territory, but after delayed briefly, Indian troops were send unharmed.
Moreover, in 2012 , there has been noticeable increase in ceasefire violations by Pakistan and reciprocating fire along LOC more than 75 times.It was also came in news that one Pak soldier was shot to death ,and again two days later , supreme killing of two Indian soldier took place, and one of them was brutally mutilated and carried away with Pak militants .After that many grave provocative incident took place which unsweetened kin between two countries.
So on , to attract the attention of world forum towards Kashmir issue , Pakistan started using proxy prisoners to manifest animosity .Recently, in kot lakhpat jail of Pakistan ,Sarabjit singh, a mistaken identity was scathed brutally by jail prisoners and attained death on 1-2 may ,2013. After Chamel Singh incident , this was second incident that shattered the Hope of his family and showed the ferocious visage of Pakistan .
To rejuvenate our Bilateral relationship, we must take into consideration the following lines-
Human who are inhuman ,
violates human rights,
those who are born human,
share valuable rights ......